Results of a global survey released by Ipsos show that a majority of respondents favor allowing same-sex couples to marry or have legal recognition of their unions. The results also show a generational gap exists between how respondents identify with regards to their sexual orientation or gender identity.
The LGBT+ Pride 2021 Global Survey — which was conducted from over 19,000 respondents across 27 countries between April 23 to May 7, 2021 — found that 4% of Generation Z respondents (those born since 1997) identified as transgender, gender nonconforming, fluid, or some other way, compared to 1% among all adults. They were also less likely to identify as heterosexual (68%) and more likely to identify as gay/lesbian (4%) or bisexual (9%).
By comparison, 2% of Millennials identified as transgender, gender nonconforming, or fluid, 3% as lesbian/gay, and 4% as bisexual. The numbers were lowest for Baby Boomers (less than 1%, 1%, and 2% respectively).
The results also found that a majority of respondents in 15 countries favored same-sex marriage, for a global average of 54%. In all but three of the countries (Turkey, Russia, and Malaysia), a majority of respondents were at least in favor of allowing same-sex couples some legal rights, if not full marriage equality.
The report also states that a majority of respondents supported LGBTQ+ individuals being open about their sexuality, but that support was more divided with regards to trans athletes participating on sports teams that align with their gender identity. 32% of respondents globally supported allowing trans athletes to compete on teams in accordance with their gender identity while 32% opposed them. 36% were neutral on the issue.
In the United States, the report found that views on trans athletes were aligned with respondents’ political affiliation, with Democrats more likely to support (42%) and Republicans more likely to oppose (75%).